vi/vim basic commands


  • vimtutor -> Basic tutorial
  • vi -r myfile -> Start vi and edit myfile in recovery mode from a system crash
  • :wq -> Save and Exit
  • :q! -> Exit without save
  • Esc -> Exit insert mode and switch to command mode
  • : Switch from line to command mode
  • j -> Down; k-> Up; h-> Left; l-> Right

Move the cursor:

  • gg or H -> Move to the first line
  • G -> Move to the last line
  • 0 -> Move to the beginning of the current line
  • $ -> Move to the end of the current line
  • w -> Move to the next word
  • b -> Move to the previous word

Copy, Paste and Delete:

  • yy -> Copy current line (3yy to copy three lines)
  • dd -> Cut / Delete current line
  • p -> Paste the copied or cut line
  • x -> Delete character
  • dw -> Delete word
  • D -> Delete the rest of the line
  • u -> undo

Search and Replace:

  • :%s/txt1/txt2/g -> Replace all occurrences of txt1 with txt2 (Press u key to undo)
  • /pattern -> Search a pattern or word or string
  • ?pattern -> Search pattern backward
  • n-> Move to the next pattern
  • N-> Move to the previous pattern

Insert or Append:

  • i or Insert key-> Insert
  • I -> Insert at the begning of current line
  • a -> Append at the cursor
  • A -> Append at the end of the line
  • o -> Insert new line below current line
  • O -> Insert new line above current line

Line, Word and Character count:

  • :! wc % -> Counts lines, word and characters

Color or theme change:

  • :color desert -> set color
  • ~\.vimrc
    • set number
    • synax on
    • set tabstop=4
    • set autoindent

About Ishtiaque

I am IBM Certified Infrastructure Systems Architect, TOGAF 9 Certified, ITIL V3 Foundation certified and Oracle Certified Export in Java Web Component Developer with over 10 years of support and development experience in IBM middleware software and Java. Additionally, have a sound grip in databases, Linux and OpenStack administration. I hold the following certifications: IBM Certified Infrastructure Systems Architect TOGAF 9 Certified Oracle Certified Expert, Java EE6 Web Component Developer Oracle Certified Professional – Java 6 Programmer ITIL v3 Foundation Certified IBM Certified Solution Architect – Cloud Computing Infrastructure V1 IBM Certified System Administrator – WebSphere Portal V8, V7, V6.1, V6 IBM Certified System Administrator – WebSphere Application Server V7, V6.1 IBM Certified System Administrator – AIX V7 IBM Certified System Administrator – WebSphere MQ V7 IBM Certified Deployment Professional – Business Process Manager Advanced V7.5 IBM Certified Solution Advisor – Cloud Computing Architecture V3 IBM Certified Solution Developer – WebSphere Portal V5.1
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